Antioxidants

Antioxidants Defend Against Premature Aging

Premature aging can have many causes. Genetics can play a significant role, but photo-damage from the sun is also a big player. Sun damage and free radicals are significant players in what effects the rate at which we age. Up to 85% of extrinsic aging (premature aging caused by environmental factors) can be reversed. Antioxidants help to keep skin healthy with beneficial nutrients to ward off oxidative stress and damage that can be done by the sun, inflammation and free radicals.

Antioxidant” is a word that I’m sure you have heard of before. But what does it mean? Many products claim to be filled with artificial antioxidants or to contain natural antioxidants. Many of these claims are in fact false. Most natural skin care lines do contain antioxidants, which perform some tasks for the health of your skin. Don’t be fooled by companies that say their products contain this powerful ingredient! You will want to look for only natural products with the most natural ingredients, as the best antioxidants are derived from fruits and other plants. 

What is an Antioxidant?Tumeric Antioxidant

If you have heard this term before, you are probably familiar with what these cells do. As we age, our skin is exposed to the sun, and as we do not eat healthy foods, cells called free radicals develop in our skin. These are especially common in sun-damaged skin, as the UV rays can to oxidize the atoms in our skin and cause severe damage. These free radicals then begin to race through our bodies, oxidizing anything they come into contact with. If left unchecked, free radicals can eventually cause skin cancer, as they both rapidly replicated and cause other cells to reproduce quickly.

The accelerated the aging posed by these free radicals is visibility apparent on the skin, in the form of lines and wrinkles. Discoloration, redness, blotchy and rough skin may also appear.

Recently, we have discovered that women who often tanned in the sun or UV beds develop more fine lines and wrinkles than women who did not undergo this routine. It is now known that sun exposure can cause the face to age faster and accelerate the signs of aging. 

Free radicals are tiny little molecules that attach themselves and damage our skin. Environmental pollution can cause free radicals. Antioxidants attach themselves to free radicals, so they are unable to produce harm and premature aging.

In this era of the pursuit of youth and a skincare industry that’s quickly responding, adapting, and developing to meet the demand for younger, healthier skin, one term that’s thrown around a lot is “free radicals”. The name may make them sound edgy and exciting, but these destructive little guys are bad eggs that no one needs lurking around in their body. The best anti-aging skin care products help fight these little villains by nourishing and strengthening skin cells.

What is a Free Radical and How do they Work?

To understand how these molecules affect the body and accelerate the formation of wrinkles and sagging skin, it’s necessary to think back to the old days in biology class. Atoms contain an equal number of protons and electrons, and if for some reason they don’t have this balance, they will typically play nicely with like atoms to make up the correct number, thereby stabilizing the molecule. Alternatively, the atom will acquire or discard electrons to equalize itself.

These bonds between atoms are sometimes broken – typically this works out fine, and the split will happen in a way that leaves everyone happy and balanced. But if the bond is weak or compromised, the separation can cause free radicals to form – in other words, a molecule that is short in electrons. The resulting fragment needs to steal an electron from somewhere to stabilize itself, and it doesn’t care where it gets that electron – healthy skin is fair game.

The problem is that when the free radicals steal from other parts of the body, that molecule then becomes a free radical because it’s now short an electron, and thus the process turns into a domino effect, with free radicals multiplying everywhere. Over time, cells become so compromised by this process that they die – this is what causes aging.

Other Causes of Free Radicals
The body sometimes intentionally produces these molecules to fight viruses or bacteria, and some are produced in the natural course of the body’s metabolic activity. Too many can come into play, however, due to environmental or lifestyle circumstances such as UV exposure, smoking, pollution, and poor diet. When free radicals get out of control, the results can be anything from simply premature wrinkles to a higher risk of serious diseases like cancer.

Antioxidants to the Rescue
Antioxidants are the superheroes of cells being attacked by free radicals, and this is why they’re included in the best anti-aging skin care products (in the form of ingredients such as Alpha-Lipoic Acid and vitamin C Ester). Antioxidants work by donating one of their electrons to free radicals. Normally this would cause just another unstable molecule that becomes a free radical itself, but antioxidants can function whether they have that electron or not, giving them the power to neutralize the damaging effects of these thieves.

What You Can Do
There’s no cure for aging, but there are certain steps that can slow the process and increase the chances of avoiding some of the worst damage caused by free radicals. In addition to keeping a supply of the best anti-aging skin care products from Skin Perfection on-hand, other best practices include:

⦁    Starting every single day with a dose of ⦁    sunscreen – regardless of weather, location, or time of year
⦁    Eating a balanced diet with plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits
⦁    Taking a high-quality vitamin supplement if not getting proper nutrition every day
⦁    Using a skincare product with vitamin A

Simple steps can help reduce the effects of free radicals and help keep your skin younger looking and more beautiful.

Spin Trap is a newer antioxidant that not only controls free radicals but turns them into healthy nutrients the skin can reuse. Spin Trap is often referred to as the “Smart Antioxidant.”

Antioxidants are abundant in fruits and leafy green vegetables. Getting antioxidants through a healthy diet is he best way to accumulate a healthy functioning body. However, if your diet isn't as good as it should be, you can supplement with a multivitamin and use topical serums.

Essential Antioxidants:

Beta-carotene can be obtained from fruits and veggies that are mainly orange such as:

cantaloupe, carrots, pumpkin, apricots and sweet potatoes.

Lutein which keeps your eyes healthy can be found in kale, spinach, and other leafy green veggies.

Lycopene is a powerful antioxidant found in tomatoes, recommended so eat your spaghetti sauce! Most Americans get 85% recommended daily allowance from tomato products, but you can also find it in watermelon, papaya, and grapefruit.

Vitamin C, also called ascorbic acid, is found in abundance in citrus fruit, cantaloupe, strawberries, and papaya.

How do Antioxidants Benefit Skin?

The best way to counteract the effects of aging is by using a skin care product that contains antioxidants. These important molecules absorb quickly into the skin and begin to protect skin cells from the havoc that free radicals can cause. They also hunt down and neutralize those free radicals, allowing them to be removed from the skin. Potent antioxidants are great for improving the appearance of aging skin and enhancing the vibrancy of the complexion. The enzymes are a catalyst that encourages our cells to work more efficiently. Antioxidants protect the skin from premature aging. They give your skin the chance to undo the photodamage that begins to appear.

Our bodies need to have antioxidants replenished continuously. If not, free radicals can get the upper hand. Oxidation can occur. When this happens, our fibroblast cells that generate collagen and elastin, are cross-linked. Our once healthy collagen and elastin that kept our skin firm and supple disappears. The best example of oxidation is when an apple turns brown because it is exposed to air.

Today, we live in an age that environmental pollution bombards us. From chemicals that are expressed in the air to everyday items we touch, are filled with BPA. The grass we walk on is lined with fertilizer; our skin is continually exposed to smog and smoke. Some chemicals we are exposed to every day is enormous and continues to grow daily. This abundance of chemicals we come into contact with has led to early aging. The inflammation we are unable to see that occurs in our bodies shows on the outside as early wrinkles. Below are some examples of where you can get antioxidants naturally. Loading up on these substances can help your body win the battle over oxidative stress. If you are unable to have a diet rich in natural sources of green leafy vegetables and fruit, it is suggested to take a vitamin supplement to help curb the effects of free radical damage.
Where are Antioxidants Found? 
They are found mainly in natural plants and often come in the form of vitamins, such as vitamin A (beta-carotene), C and E (tocopherol), Astaxanthin, Lycopene, Resveratrol, Selenium, Turmeric.
  • Alpha Lipoic Acid: ALA can be acquired from plant or animal sources.
  • Carotenoids: Bright orange, red, and green phytonutrients that are obtained from leafy vegetables and the fleshy part of fruits.
  • Co-enzyme Q10: Naturally stored in our body. However, our stores decrease after age 20.
  • DMAE: Dimethylaminoethanol, found in salmon.
  • Flavonoids: EGCG Epigallocatechin Gallate from Green Tea, Resveratrol in Red Wine and Soy Isoflavones.
  • Vitamin C: Naturally found in fruits, such as strawberries, oranges, and vegetables.
  • Vitamin E: Contains potent tocotrienols, can be obtained from Rice Bran Oil.
  • Super-fruit Cantaloupe Melon Antioxidants
Super-fruit Cantaloupe Melon Antioxidants
Examples of antioxidants include:
  • Super Fruits: Commonly found in Blueberries, Cantaloupe, Pomegranates, Cranberries, and Goji Berries.
  • Vitamins: Coenzyme Q10, Idebenone.
  • Dermaceuticals: Spin Trap.
  • Spices: Turmeric.
For more information on antioxidants and how they play a role in aging, click here.
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